History Of Mexico City
The city now known as mexico city was founded as mexico tenochtitlan in 1324 and a century later became the dominant city state of the aztec triple alliance formed in 1430 and composed of tenochtitlan texcoco and tlacopan. The nahua aztec or mexica tribe established mexico city on 18th march 1325 and it became the capital of a sophisticated growing empire.
Yet mexico citys national eminence was unaffected by the revolution.
History of mexico city. Battles were fought on its streets and thousands of displaced villagers sought refuge in the city. As one of the worlds largest cities it continues to be blessed and plagued with all the benefits and problems of large cities. Its industries generate a quarter of mexicos wealth and its people consume two thirds of mexicos energy.
Mexico city is the industrial financial and communications center of the country. First populated more than 13000 years ago the territory had complex indigenous civilizations before being conquered and colonized by the spanish in the 16th century. Its population was estimated at least 100000 and perhaps as high as 200000 in 1519 when the spaniards first saw it.
It was originally located on a small island but because of its rapid growth the city was forced to build artificial islands and a series of canals to absorb the growth of the metropolis. During the war mexico city was held briefly by the famous revolutionaries ernesto pancho villa and emiliano zapata. The city was not untouched by the revolution.
It is thought that the aztecs set out from their homeland aztlan the source of the name aztec in the 12th century ce and arrived in the valley of mexico by the early 14th century. The history of mexico a country in the southern portion of north america covers a period of more than three millennia. The history of mexico city is a fascinating one and it sheds light on the heritage that can still be glimpsed in the archaeological ruins in the historic center of the city as well as the neighboring ancient town of teotihuacan pictured an hours drive outside the city.
At its height tenochtitlan had enormous temples and palaces a huge ceremonial center residences of political religious military and merchants. Mexico city nahuatl mexico spanish ciudad de mexico or in full ciudad de mexico df city and capital of mexico synonymous with the federal district distrito federal. Its cost of living is the highest in the nation.
As mexico city history has been coloured with power and influence so the city today continues to be a cultural and political centre. Mexico city mexico city history. Sometime after they had left aztlan they united with a second group made up of nomadic hunter gatherers the mexica and.